C Undefined Reference to vtable and inheritance. Ask Question 27. 7. You must define every nonpure virtual function that you declare. You don't need to define a nonvirtual function that you declare but don't use. undefined reference to vtable; virtual function issue. 1. C Type undefined reference to vtable for Producer' 2.Virtual Functions in C. Virtual Function is a function in base class, which is overrided in the derived class, and which tells the compiler to perform Late Binding on this function. . Virtual Keyword is used to make a member function of the base class Virtual. vtable pure virtual function
C vtables Part 2 Multiple Inheritance (934 words) Tue, Mar 8, 2016 The world of singleparent inheritance hierarchies is simpler for the compiler. As we saw in Part 1, each child class extends its parent vtable by appending entries for each new virtual method. . In this post we will cover multiple inheritance, which complicates things even when only inheriting from pureinterfaces.
Before learning vtable and vptr let us refresh the basic concept of virtual function. virtual function is a member function of a class declare with virtual keyword. The virtual table is a lookup table of functions used to resolve function calls in a dynamiclate binding manner. The virtual table sometimes goes by other names, such as vtable, virtual function table, virtual method table, or dispatch table. vtable pure virtual function A pure virtual function or pure virtual method is a virtual function that is required to be implemented by a derived class if the derived class is not abstract. Classes containing pure virtual methods are termed abstract and they cannot be instantiated directly.
When we create a pure virtual function in Abstract class, we reserve a slot for a function in the VTABLE(studied in last topic), but doesn't put any address in that slot. Hence the VTABLE will be vtable pure virtual function Working of virtual functions (concept of VTABLE and VPTR) When we create an object of derived class, compiler creates a pointer as a data member of class containing the address of VTABLE of derived class. Similar concept of Late and Early Binding is used as in above example. For fun1 () function call, base class version of function is called, What this does is: Create a helper class called that has a number of GetIndexn() functions, each returning the corresponding n. Take an instance if C (object), and a pointer to a member function (called function). Patch object's vptr so that it point at the vtable of The vtable is only used for dynamic dispatch, and a call will never be dynamically dispatched to the definition of a pure virtual function (i. e. you can only manually dispatch to the pure virtual function by disabling dynamic dispatch qualifying the name of the type: x. base: : f() will call base: : f even if it is purevirtual, but x. f() will never be dispatched to base: : f if it is pure virtual. By elimination, the cxapurevirtual function must belong to the vtable for Mammal. This makes sense, as Mammal has no definition of walk, and these purevirtual entries are inserted by GCC when a function is (unsurprisingly) purely virtual.Rating: 4.36 / Views: 909